Cyprus Notional Interest (NID) Deduction

PREFACE

Companies can be financed via debt, equity or a combination of both. Debt – mostly in the form of loans – generates interest expense, which is usually a tax-deductible expense for the borrower. Equity on the other hand is associated with dividends, which are not deductible for tax purposes. This creates an incentive for companies to be funded via debt as opposed to equity. The Cypriot Notional Interest Deduction provisions (NID) introduced on 18 July 2016 aim to equalize this imbalance by introducing a servicing cost for equity. In simple terms, a Cyprus company financed with new equity is eligible to an annual notional deduction like interest. This deduction, if properly structured, can significantly reduce the taxable profits of a Cyprus company to an effective tax rate as low as 2,5%

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